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WebSockets is a protocol described in RFC6455 that allows clients to a start two-way communication channels with a web server. Unlike HTTP that is unidirectional and requires clients to create a new connection for each request, a WebSocket creates a full-duplex persistent connection with the server in which data can be exchanged in both directions.

JMAP over WebSocket

JMAP over WebSocket is a subprotocol described in RFC8887 that allows the JMAP protocol to be used over a WebSocket transport layer. Using JMAP over WebSocket provides higher performance than JMAP over HTTP by keeping a single persistent connection open between JMAP clients and servers, which eliminates the performance hit of having to process and authenticate multiple HTTP requests from clients. When using JMAP over WebSocket, clients are only authenticated once when the connection is started and their credentials remain in effect for the duration of the WebSocket connection.

JMAP over WebSocket is enabled by default in Stalwart JMAP and is available to JMAP clients at wss://your-domain.example.


The WebSocket following parameters can be configured under the jmap.web-socket section:

  • timeout: Connection timeout for WS clients, the amount of seconds before a WS connection times out. Defaults to 10 seconds.
  • heartbeat: Heartbeat interval, the amount of seconds between heartbeat packets sent to WS clients. Defaults to 5 seconds.
  • throttle: Notifications throttle, the amount of time to wait before sending a batch of notifications to a WS client. Defaults to 1000 milliseconds (1 second).


throttle = "1s"
timeout = "10m"
heartbeat = "1m"

Conformed RFCs