LMTP Delivery


In order to be able to receive emails from the outside world, you need to enable the LMTP service and configure your Mail Transport Agent (MTA) to deliver messages to Stalwart JMAP over LMTP. Local Mail Transfer Protocol (LMTP) is a network protocol defined in RFC 2033 for transporting mail into systems that do not have a message queue (such as a message store). The LMTP protocol is practically identical to the SMTP protocol with its service extensions, except a few changes. Despite the similarities, it should not be used on public networks or as a replacement for SMTP. In fact, LMTP is used in combination with SMTP to deliver messages into user mailboxes.

By default Stalwart JMAP listens for LMTP connections on, port 11200 but it can be changed to use any other port. It is important though that the LMTP port you choose is not exposed to the Internet as malicious actors could use it to bypass your SPAM filters. For this reason, in systems running on a single node, it is recommended to use the loopback address ( as the bind address and, in multi-node setups, to configure the lmtp-trusted-ips parameter.

Enabling LMTP

In order to enable the LMTP service, the following two parameters have to be configured:

  • lmtp-bind-addr: IP address to bind the LMTP service to, or use to bind to all network interfaces. Defaults to
  • lmtp-port: Bind port for the LMTP service. Defaults to 11200.


lmtp-port: 11200

TLS Configuration

TLS is not necessary when using the loopback address ( as the bind address. In all other cases, it is highly recommended to enable TLS:

  • lmtp-cert-path: Path to the SSL certificate in PEM format.
  • lmtp-key-path: Path to the private key.
  • lmtp-tls-only: When set to true, all incoming connections automatically use TLS. If set to false, connections are started in clear-text and TLS can be enabled by clients using the STARTTLS command.


lmtp-cert-path: /usr/local/stalwart-jmap/etc/certs/lmtp.crt
lmtp-key-path: /usr/local/stalwart-jmap/etc/private/lmtp.key
lmtp-tls-only: true

If you currently don’t have a TLS certificate, you can obtain one for free from Let’s Encrypt. Alternatively, you may also generate a self-signed certificate as follows

openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 1825 -newkey rsa:4096 \
            -subj '/CN=localhost' \ 
            -keyout /usr/local/stalwart-jmap/etc/private/lmtp.key \
            -out /usr/local/stalwart-jmap/etc/certs/lmtp.crt

Trusted IPs

In deployments where the SMTP server does not reside in the same machine as Stalwart JMAP, it is necessary to configure the list of trusted IP addresses from which LMTP connections are allowed.

  • lmtp-trusted-ips: List of IP addresses separated by a semicolon.



MTA Configuration

A Mail Transport Agent with LMTP support is required in order to receive messages from the Internet. Some MTAs that are known to have LMTP capabilities are Postfix, Exim, Sendmail, OpenSMTPD and Qmail (through an extension).


To enable LMTP delivery on Postfix:

  • Install a fresh copy of Postfix, or make sure to remove any existing virtual transports from the configuration file.

  • Edit /etc/postfix/main.cf and add the following lines:

    virtual_mailbox_domains = example.org
    virtual_transport = lmtp:[]:11200
    smtpd_recipient_restrictions = reject_unverified_recipient
  • Then, replace:

    • example.org with your domain name, or you may also add multiple domain names separated by commas.
    • and 11200 with the LMTP service bind address and port.
  • Finally, execute sudo postfix reload and you should now be able to receive emails from the outside world.


Exim uses Unix sockets by default to deliver messages over LMTP. In order to use LMTP over TCP, add the following router and transport to your configuration file, replacing the default values with your setup’s bind IP address and port:

  transport = stalwart_lmtp
  domains = +local_domains
  driver = manualroute
  route_list = "* byname"
  self = send

  driver = smtp
  protocol = lmtp
  port = 11200

And, to enforce recipient verification over LMTP, the following ACL rule might be employed:

  !verify = recipient/callout=no_cache  
  domains = +local_domains
  message = invalid recipient


OpenSMTPD can natively deliver to a local or remote LMTP server. An action has to be declared:

action "local_lmtp" lmtp rcpt-to alias <aliases>

and rules will use that action, in that example for local users and for a virtual domain accepting incoming emails:

match from local for local action "local_lmtp"
match from any for domain "example.org" action "local_lmtp"


Sendmail does support LMTP but unfortunately does not support LMTP over TCP. However, it is possible to use this Python script to add that missing functionality to Sendmail. To enable LMTP in Sendmail, edit your /etc/sendmail.cf file and add:

FEATURE(`local_lmtp´, `/usr/sbin/lmtp.py´)

Replace with your LMTP service’s IP address and port. Finally, download lmtp.py and save it as /usr/sbin/lmtp.py.


Qmail does not offer LMTP support out of the box. However, you can use the qmail-lmtp extension to add LMTP support to your qmail installation.

Conformed RFCs